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Starting from the age of children, symptomatic epilepsy can cause genetic abnormalities

Written By Hanny & Melissa on Tuesday, April 30, 2019 | Tuesday, April 30, 2019

Epilepsy is a disease of the central nervous system due to abnormal patterns of electrical activity in the brain.

The matter causes complaints of seizures, sensations and unusual behavior, to loss of consciousness. Disturbances in the pattern of neural brain electrical activity can occur due to several things, either due to abnormalities in the brain tissue, imbalance of chemicals in the brain, or a combination of several factors that cause this disease.

Epilepsy & symptoms caused...

The main symptom of epilepsy that occurs when an electrical impulse arises in the brain beyond normal limits is called seizure.

This condition spreads to the surrounding area, and creates an uncontrolled electrical signal. This signal is also sent to the muscles, giving rise to twitching and seizures. The severity of seizures in each person with epilepsy varies. Some only last a few seconds, such as staring blankly, or repeated arm and leg movements.

Read NowBecause of genetic disorders, epilepsy cannot be cured. Is it true...?

The severity of the seizures will vary and depend on the part of the brain that is affected first, and how far the disorder occurs. Based on conditions of abnormal brain activity, seizures in epilepsy are divided into two, namely general and partial seizures.

1. General Seizures

Generally seizures occur in all parts of the brain, and cause symptoms throughout the body. Here are some types of general seizures, namely:

1. Tonic-clonic seizures.

This type is most common in general seizures. The symptoms can be divided into two stages, namely the tonic stage which is characterized by loss of consciousness, the body becomes stiff, and the body can fall to the floor.

The next stage is the clonic stage which is characterized by limb movements, loss of control of bowel movements and urination, tongue biting, and difficulty breathing.

These seizures usually stop after a few minutes. After that, patients can feel dizzy, confused, tired, or have difficulty remembering what has happened.

2. Petit-mal seizures.

Such seizures often occur in children which are characterized by looking blankly or doing subtle body movements, such as blinking or tasting lips. These seizures cause a short loss of consciousness.

3. Tonic seizures.

This seizure makes all muscles stiff like the first stage of tonic-clonic seizures, so that the body's balance can be lost and the body can fall. This type of seizure will affect the muscles of your back, arms, and legs.

4. Atonic seizures.

This spasm makes the entire body muscles relax or lose control, so the body can fall.

This seizure accompanied by loss of consciousness lasts very short and the patient can get up immediately.

5. Myoclonic spasms, namely sudden contractions of the muscles of the arms, legs or the whole body. This seizure usually occurs after waking up and lasts for less than one second, although some sufferers can feel it for a while.

6. Clonic seizures.

Such seizures appear as repeated or rhythmic twitching of the muscles like the second phase of tonic-clonic seizures.

However, the muscles do not become stiff at first. This type of seizure occurs in the muscles of the neck, face, and arms.

2. While in partial or focal seizures, the brain is only partially affected.

These partial seizures are further divided into two categories, namely simple partial seizures and complex partial seizures. 

Simple partial seizures occur in a conscious state with such symptoms, including:

1. A strange feeling arises that is difficult to describe

2. Kiss or feel something unusual

3. Tingling arms and legs

4. Feelings of joy that appear instantly

5. Parts of the body, such as the hands, become stiff or twitch

6. Dizziness

7. Eyes like seeing glints of light.

Then, for complex partial seizures namely seizures that involve decreased consciousness. These seizures usually arise from parts of the brain called the temporal lobe.

The symptoms that appear can be looking blankly, not responding to the surroundings, and doing repetitive movements such as rubbing hands, swallowing, or circling.

Status epileptijus is the most severe seizure condition, where the seizures last long, or recurrent seizures and awareness of the patient does not recover between seizures. This condition is an emergency condition and requires medical treatment as soon as possible.

Medical treatment as soon as possible, also needed if the sufferer has:

1. High fever.

2. Is pregnant.

3. Have diabetes.

5. Have more than 5 minutes of seizures.

6. Having a second seizure, shortly after the first seizure.

6. Having injuries to the body during a seizure.

7. Unconscious or not breathing after a seizure stops.

Because of the presence of Epilepsy...

Seizures in people with epilepsy can be triggered due to a number of conditions, for example stress, fatigue, or drug consumption.

Based on the cause, epilepsy can be classified into 2:

1. Idiopathic epilepsy.

- Idiopathic epilepsy is epilepsy whose cause is unknown.

2. Symptomatic epilepsy

- Symptomatic epilepsy is epilepsy that results from a disease that causes damage to the brain.

Epilepsy can occur at any age, both women and men. However, epilepsy generally starts at the age of children, or even begins at the age of more than 60 years.

Epilepsy is the most common neurological disease. In most epilepsy cases, the exact cause cannot be found. This type of epilepsy is known as idiopathic epilepsy. It cannot be ascertained how epilepsy begins or continues to the problem, because there are no abnormalities that can cause epilepsy.

In contrast to idiopathic epilepsy, symptomatic epilepsy is a type of epilepsy whose cause can be known. Some conditions that can cause symptomatic epilepsy include:

1. Head injury

2. Stroke

3. Brain tumors

4. Infection, for example meningitis or encephalitis

5. Brain injury or damage while still in the womb, due to infection or poor nutrition during pregnancy

6. Developmental disorders, for example autism and neurofibromatosis

7. Genetic abnormalities.

As well as epilepsy sufferers, there are several factors that can trigger seizures, namely:

1. Stress

2. Tired or lack of sleep.

3. Do not take anticonvulsant or antiepileptic drugs regularly.

4. Taking drugs that interfere with the performance of antiepileptic drugs

5. Skip meals

6. Sparkling light

7. Eating alcoholic or Narcotics drinks

8. When menstruating in women

9. Take certain antidepressant or antipsychotic drugs

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