The fruit of Physalis angulata L used to be left alone. But now it is being hunted. Not excessive because the price is very high. In Brunei one fruit can be valued at $ 1while, in a big city mall in Jakarta - Indonesia one kilogram reaches $ 45.
In Indonesia, the fruit of Physalis angulata L can be found in many regions. These plants grow wild on vacant land, home yards, or other places where the soil is not muddy, both in the lowlands and highlands.
This plant originated in America, it was imported by the Spaniards in the XVII century colonial era, when the VOCs were still rampant in competing with the Spaniards and Portuguese colonizing the Indonesian nation.
Allegedly the first acquaintance with this innate plant was the Moluccans (who called it boba leaves), and the Minahasa (who called it Leietokan), because they were the first to be hit by the Spanish colonizers from the Philippines.
The species that first came were Physalis angulata and Physalis minima, which then grew rampant as weeds in dry fields, orchards, between shrubs, and roadside.
A long with it is also included as an ornamental plant Physalis peruviana from the mountainous region of Peru. In contrast to the types of angulata and minima, this Peru conquest is a perennial plant that can live more than one season.
It is easily distinguished from the other types because the flowers are strikingly larger, with dark brown spots. Because of this magnitude he is in the Parahyangan area called cecenet rhinoceros, and cecenet gunung (because it only wants to grow in the mountains).
By ancient mountain people in the Netherlands, the fruit was not only eaten fresh but also made a good jam to fill toast. Physais peruviana was then brought by the Dutch VOC to Europe, but was not recognized as a Peruvian ceplukan, but kaapse kruisbes (or cape goosberry).
They thought that this plant was native to Kaap de Goede Hoop (Cape of Good Hope) at the southern tip of Africa, where they established a stopover port and a harbor of rest for their wooden ships wanting to fill food and fresh water, for their next trip.
Until now this type of peruviana is still famous as a cape gooseberry. With this name, sweet and sour fruit is now also a favorite of Americans. But they themselves were able to produce it as a horticultural community of people in their own country.
# Roman savior
As a chronic herb, these plants from the tribe of eggplant Solanaceae grow upright, branch off quite a lot, which have short hair. If the growth is too fertile, often the branches are not able to withstand the weight of the leaves and fruits that hang a lot, until it easily breaks.
The flowers that appear in the armpit are yellowish-white. From this flower then the fruit that looks like a lantern grows, hanging with light green.
What appears from the outside, actually only the fruit skin is rather transparent. Inside it is still hollow at first, but then filled with the actual fruit circle, in the form of a berry (buni fruit). Fruit in this skin can be eaten, if the skin has yellowed and withered.
At first it felt a bit bitter, but if it was ripe it would taste sweet and sweet. good too, but if eaten too much, it can cause the person concerned to get drunk. In the book Plantes Medicinalis by two French botanists, Volak and Jiri Stoduca, it is said that Physalis angulata L was known by the Romans of their glory days to colonize the Eastern nations.
In the battle in southern Iran, many Roman soldiers suffered severe injuries from sharp weapons. To treat the wound, they use traditional medicinal plants that are found around the battle area.
One of them is Physalis angulata L, which turned out to be very effective. The leaves after being crushed are affixed to the wound, and the person concerned also eats the fruit, the wound heals quickly.
They were so amazed at the greatness of the efficacy of the plant, that they called it physalis (savior). The word was then used as a password for the next battle.
A number of plants and fruit were brought back to Rome, until later they became famous medicinal plants throughout the world at that time. until now, the plants bear the surname Physalis.
Based on the results of analysis centuries later, it turns out that the fruit of the plant contains vitamin C which is relatively high. Higher than grapes. presumably, it was the culprit that caused the healing power of wounds to be so great, as experienced by Roman soldiers in the battle of Iran first.
# Benefits and Benefits of Physalis angulata L
physalis angulata L can be used as an anti-hyperglycemic, antibacterial, antiviral, immunostimulant and immunosuppressant (immunomodulator), anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, analgesic, and cytotoxic.
Also as a peluruh urine (diuretic), neutralize toxins, relieve cough, activate the functions of the glands of the body and anti-tumor. The efficacy of Physalis angulata L herbal plants as traditional medicine to treat various diseases such as:
# Diabetes mellitus :
Take the Physalis angulata L tree which has been fruitful, pull it out to the roots, wash it clean, lay it down, after wilting boil with 3 cups of water until the water is only 1 glass, strain and drink 1 x a day.
# Lung disease :
Whooping cough (pertussis), bronchitis (inflammation of the airways), mumps (paroritis), swelling of the testicles (orchitis):
Take the complete Physalis angulata L tree from the tree, fruit, leaves, roots and roots, wash it, boil it with 3-5 cups of water to boil, strain, drink 3 x a day 1 glass each time you drink.
Take 8-10 pieces of ripe ciplukan fruit. Eaten every day on a regular basis.
Take 1 handful of ciplukan leaves, add 2 tablespoons of betel lime, mash until smooth, then paste on the affected part.
Take the ceplukan leaves as much as 1/2 handful washed and then finely ground. Stick to the boil, then wrap it. Replaced 2 times a day.
# Influenza and Throat Pain
The plants Physalis angulata L (all parts) that have been cut into pieces measuring 3-4 cm in size are dried in the sun, then wrapped so that they are not moist anymore.
Then take about 9-15 grams of boiled water to drink. Do it 3 times a day, or as needed and / or prescription instructions. That is the history and function of Physalis angulata L, although it has been expensive but very beneficial for our health.