Departing from the many diseases that arise due to excessive sugar intake, artificial sweeteners are made as an alternative to sugar.
Although it contains fewer calories, but these artificial sweeteners also have the potential to cause adverse effects on health, especially if consumed in excess.
Artificial sweeteners are substitutes for sugar produced through chemical processes. Artificial sweeteners are considered to have a higher sweetness than regular sweeteners or sugar.
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Artificial Sweeteners and Types
There are several types of artificial sweeteners that are often used in food and beverage products, namely:
- The sweetness produced by saccharin, reaches 300-400 times stronger than sugar.
The use of saccharine in one presentation for processed foods must not exceed 30 mg. As for drinks, it should not be more than 4 mg / 10 ml of liquid.
- Aspartame is commonly used as a sweetener in gum, breakfast cereal, gelatin, and carbonated drinks.
This artificial sweetener is 220 times sweeter than sugar. The content of aspartame consists of amino acids, aspartic acid, phenylalanine, and a little ethanol.
- Sucralose is produced from sucrose which has a sweetness 600 times stronger than sugar.
This material is commonly used in food products that are baked or fried. The ideal daily consumption of sucralose is as much as 5 mg / kg body weight.
4. Acesulfame potassium
- This material is very stable in high temperatures and easily soluble, making it suitable for use in many food products.
The recommended daily consumption limit for acesulfame potassium is 15 miligramme/ kilogramme body weight.
- This artificial sweetener is widely used in low-calorie foods. Chemically, the content is almost the same as aspartame, but it tastes 40 times sweeter than aspartame.
Compared to refined sugar, neotam sweetness levels reach 8,000 times higher. Neotam can be consumed up to 18 mg / kg body weight a day.
Artificial sweeteners and impact on health
In general, artificial sweeteners are relatively safe for consumption, as long as they do not exceed the intake limit per day.
However, there is an assumption that artificial sweeteners can cause some side effects in some people. Long-term use of saccharin is feared to trigger cancer.
In addition, the use of aspartame can also cause allergic reactions in some people, characterized by headaches, difficulty breathing, skin rashes, and diarrhea.
Not only saccharin and aspartame, other artificial sweeteners are also thought to cause some side effects, such as increasing the risk of kidney disease, diabetes, and cavities.
However, all of these side effects have not been proven, so it still needs further investigation. There are certain conditions that are not permitted to consume artificial sweeteners, namely phenylketonuria.
This rare genetic disorder makes the body of the sufferer unable to break down phenylalanine. This substance is found in some artificial sweeteners, such as aspartame and neotam.
Artificial sweeteners should be consumed in a limited manner, this is to avoid the adverse effects.
If you have special health conditions, consult a doctor first about the rules and safe limits for using artificial sweeteners.
As well as children and pregnant women, you should consult with a doctor before using artificial sweeteners. May be useful...