The umbilical cord is a binding tissue that connects the placenta and fetus. The function of the umbilical cord is to maintain viability, while facilitating embryo and fetal growth.
Why do umbilical cord cases often occur...?.
An umbilical cord baby is one of the conditions that often occurs during pregnancy. Maybe many are wondering what causes babies to get umbilical cord, and also worry that this condition can cause complications.
Based on research conducted by experts, generally babies wrapped around the umbilical cord are not always dangerous and do not strangle the baby, because a healthy umbilical cord is protected by Whartons Jelly.
This jelly serves to keep the umbilical cord elastic, even though the baby is actively moving in the womb. Almost half of the cases of umbilical cord loops are generally quite loose, so that with the movement or displacement of the position of the baby in the womb it can release it from the winding before birth.
But, what you need to watch out for is when the blood vessels in the umbilical cord are pinched or depressed due to the movement of the baby from the womb. Of course this can inhibit blood flow, which carries oxygen to the baby. The resistance to blood flow can also occur when the umbilical cord straps too tightly around the baby's neck.
Causes of Babies wrapped around the umbilical cord
The source of the baby's life that functions in delivering oxygen and nutrients from the mother to the womb is the umbilical cord. Generally the umbilical cord has a length of 50 cm, and can wrap 360 degrees around the baby's neck and body. The main cause is because the baby moves too actively in the womb.
Very important to know, the baby is wrapped around the umbilical cord is not caused by what is done by his mother, but because the baby moves in the womb, and this is normal. Pregnant women may not experience any symptoms, so they cannot know that the baby is wrapped around the umbilical cord.
Not only because of the movement of the baby who is active in the womb, there are a number of possible causes of the baby being wrapped around the umbilical cord, such as containing twins, excessive amniotic fluid, and long umbilical cord conditions. To find out if the baby is entangled in the umbilical cord, it is better to carry out periodic pregnancy checks with the obstetrician.
Ultrasound (USG) examination can help detect umbilical cord loops. Then the obstetrician will notify if the baby is entangled in the umbilical cord, of course it is intended that the pregnant woman can understand the condition of her pregnancy, and can plan the proper delivery process.
Handling Babies Wrapped in the Umbilical Cord
Although the umbilical cord is generally not dangerous for the baby, it can cause problems when the umbilical cord wrapped around the baby's neck during labor. Medical personnel need to pay attention to whether the cord is tight or not, because it is feared that it can block the flow of blood.
If the umbilical cord is not too tightly wrapped around the baby's neck, the medical officer can easily remove it by loosening the umbilical cord through the head. However, if the umbilical cord is wrapped more than once, or the umbilical cord wrapped around the baby's neck very tightly, it is very likely that the umbilical cord will be clamped and cut before the baby's shoulders come out of the mother's vagina.
Honestly, there are signs that can be felt if the baby's neck is wrapped around the umbilical cord while in the womb. The signs include:
1. Pay attention to the movements of the baby in the womb, the movement is ladzim or not.
2. Babies who are wrapped around the umbilical cord can suddenly move quickly, but afterwards they slow down.
3. Babies move slowly in the last week, before birth.
However, there is no need to worry too much about the baby's neck wrapped in the umbilical cord, because generally this condition can be handled by an obstetrician (Doctor), and the baby can still be born through normal labor.
So what should be done on the umbilical cord, after the baby is born under normal conditions...?
After birth, the blood vessels in the umbilical cord close by themselves. The blood vessels that close first are arteries. It aims to prevent blood loss from the baby to the placenta.
While the umbilical vein closes later, allowing blood to continue to flow to the baby for the first few minutes of life. Therefore, delaying the cutting of the umbilical cord after birth for several minutes can bring benefits to the baby.
After birth, the umbilical cord will be cut but not finished, leaving 2-3 cm of the umbilical cord on the baby's stomach, which will then form the navel in the baby. When cutting the umbilical cord, the baby will not feel pain because there is no nerve on the umbilical cord. Between 5-15 days after the baby is born, the rest of the umbilical cord will dry out, turn black, and then release by itself.
Release of the umbilical cord, takes about 7-10 days to heal completely. Before the baby's belly button is completely healed, it is very important to always keep the baby's navel clean, and keep it in a dry condition, this is to prevent infection. Furthermore, if you see fluid coming out of the navel or bleeding, you should immediately take the baby to the medical officer to get further treatment.
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Caring for the umbilical cord after the birth of the baby
To prevent infection of the umbilical cord, umbilical cord care is necessary for several weeks until the belly button in the baby's stomach is completely dry. Some things that must be done in treating the baby's umbilical cord are as follows:
1. The rest of the umbilical cord is kept clean
Cleaning the rest of the umbilical cord and surrounding skin, at least once a day. Cleaning it can be done slowly using cotton that has been dipped in warm water, and mild soap.
Then, remove the dirt on the rest of the umbilical cord, and don't forget to rinse it and keep it dry. Clean every day until the rest of the umbilical cord is completely healed. Please note do not clean it with alcohol, because alcohol can irritate baby's skin, and may delay healing the rest of the umbilical cord.
2. The rest of the umbilical cord is kept dry.
The rest of the baby's umbilical cord must be exposed to the air as often as possible. This allows the base of the rest of the umbilical cord to remain dry, so that it can encourage the release of the remaining umbilical cord. And if the baby wears a diaper, make sure the diaper does not cover the rest of the umbilical cord, so that the umbilical cord stays dry at the same time to prevent irritation of the umbilical cord.
3. Bathe the baby by wiping with a wet towel, and not soaking in a bathtub.
Bathing the baby is not necessary in the baby bathtub, this is done until the rest of the baby's umbilical cord is completely separated. Bathe the baby with a wet towel and sweep all parts of the baby's body with the towel. Then, immediately dry the baby's body with a dry towel to dry faster. It must be understood, in rubbing a towel on the baby's body must be careful, because it could cause irritation to the baby's skin or the umbilical cord.
4. The rest of the umbilical cord let loose on its own.
You might think, pulling the rest of the umbilical cord will help him to escape. But you should not, let the rest of the umbilical cord detach itself, usually within 1-2 weeks after birth.
Understand signs of infection in the rest of the umbilical cord.
If a baby has signs of infection as described below, it is best to immediately bring your baby to an expert, namely a midwife or doctor. The following signs of baby umbilical cord infection:
1. The rest of the umbilical cord bleeds continuously
2. The baby will cry when you touch the rest of the umbilical cord, or the skin around the umbilical cord area.
3. Smelling rotten, or removing yellow pus from the umbilical cord.
4. The skin around the base of the remaining umbilical cord is reddish, or swollen
So this information is inscribed, hopefully with the information above it can help us between people around the world. If there is one that is poorly understood or understood from the information, there is nothing wrong with my friends all to question it in the comments column below.
Besides that the author also hopes, if the information above is very useful and helps many people, there is no harm in also my friends to be able to share it with relatives or close friends in the surrounding environment. And the end of the word, the author says many thanks, hopefully success and health always...