Red eyelids and swelling in children can be caused by various things, ranging from harmless conditions to serious conditions that can cause blindness.
Therefore, it is important for parents to detect swelling and redness in the child's eyelids. One eye disease with symptoms of swelling and red which is at risk of causing blindness is orbital cellulitis.
Orbital cellulitis is an infection of the tissue in the eyeball cavity. This disease most often occurs when bacterial infection in the sinus cavity (Sinusitis) spreads to the eyeball cavity.
Then besides infection in the sinus cavity, infections in other tissues, such as the skin of the eyelids, eyeball, or upper respiratory tract, can also spread to the eyeball cavity and cause orbital cellulitis. Besides infection, injury or trauma around the face can also cause orbital cellulitis.
Parents need to be vigilant if the child's eyes appear red and the eyelids are swollen, especially if the child has just had an respiratory, ear, and tooth infection, or an injury to the face. Besides red eyes and swollen eyelids, other symptoms that appear in orbital cellulitis are:
1. Pain when moving the eyeball.
2. The eyeballs stand out more
3. The upper eyelid goes down (Looks glazed).
4. Double vision.
5. Blurred vision.
Your baby who has orbital cellulitis can also experience fever, feel weak and nauseous, and vomit. If a complaint arises, immediately check with an eye disease specialist, because orbital cellulitis can cause nerve and blood vessel disorders, as well as wounds in the eye's mucous membrane (Corneal ulcer) which can lead to blindness. Besides, infection in the eye cavity can also spread to the lining of the brain and cause meningitis to be fatal.
Eye disease specialist, will carry out eye examinations, ranging from visual acuity, visual field of vision, eye movement, eye pressure, to the severity of the protrusion of the eyeball (Proptosis measurement).
If necessary, special eye disease can carry out further tests in the form of blood tests and bacterial cultures to determine the type of bacteria that causes it, so that appropriate treatment can be determined. Imaging with a CT scan can be done, if the therapy given fails to resolve the complaint.
Orbital cellulitis experienced by children needs to be hospitalized so that conditions can continue to be monitored. During treatment, medical personnel will give antibiotic infusions to kill bacteria. The type of antibiotic given depends on the type of bacteria that attacks, and can change during treatment, according to the examination of bacterial culture.
If the condition improves after two days, an antibiotic that is initially given by infusion can be replaced into a tablet that is taken by mouth. Then, if pus (Abscess) arises at the site of infection, and pus does not disappear with drugs, surgery can be performed.
Even though pus appears, orbital cellulitis can often improve only with antibiotics. However, there are a number of conditions that can be taken into consideration by medical professionals to carry out operations, including:
1. Age of children over 9 years
2. Limited eyeball movement
3. The pressure in the eyeball increases
4. Vision problems occur
Orbital cellulitis can heal well and leave no effect later if treated quickly. Therefore, immediately check your baby to the expert if the eyes appear swollen, especially if accompanied by impaired vision or vision. May be useful...