The appearance of yellow plaque is like a lump of fat above or below the eyelid, precisely in the corner of the eye or canthus which can develop over time, usually scientific called Xanthelasma.
This skin disease is among the most common, especially in middle-aged women to old age. But it does not rule out the possibility can occur in men of all ages. Xanthelasma that grows can be shaped like a soft, calcareous, or semi-solid lump, with a symmetrical position on the eyelids.
There are 4 points of the eyelid where the clots usually appear, namely above and below the inner eye corner, in the right and left eye. Lower eyelids often become areas that are often overgrown with clots.
Although xanthelasma is rare and harmless, this xantheplasma can be a symptom of a serious illness, such as a heart disease or stroke. Besides that, xanthelasma cannot be lost by itself and requires medical assistance to treat it.
Xanthelasma is caused by an enzyme disorder that accumulates in skin cells, especially around the eye area, and is often associated with hyperlipidemia (High levels of fat in the blood).
In this condition, bad cholesterol in the blood is pushed out onto the surface of the skin and forms a yellow lump like fat or lipid. And several other factors that can increase a person's risk of experiencing xanthelasma are:
1. Low levels of good cholesterol in the blood.
2. Has a history of cholesterol or hypercholesterolemia.
3. Having a disease of primary biliary cirrhosis or damage to the liver bile duct.
4. Diabetes, and high blood pressure.
Then, obese people and smokers are also at high risk of experiencing this disease, because both of these factors can increase fat accumulation in the body and trigger a heart attack.
Briefly, the symptoms of xanthelasma are only characterized by the appearance of yellowish lipids or fats, which continue to grow around the eyelids.
In certain cases, the symptoms of xanthelasma are similar to other skin diseases. It is recommended for those who experience these symptoms to meet experts namely the medical party or doctor so that they can be handled appropriately.
Considering xanthelasma's main trigger is high cholesterol, the main prevention that needs to be done is to maintain a diet, and consume medicines that are prescribed by the medical or expert doctors on a regular basis, so that the cholesterol levels decrease and not accumulate. This can also help reduce the risk of developing other diseases, such as heart disease or stroke.
Although xanthelasma is not harmful, it is strongly recommended that treatment be carried out so that lipids do not continue to grow and interfere with vision. Yreatment can be done through lifestyle changes (Including diet) or through surgery (Surgery) by the medical side.
Patterns of Life Must Be Changed
This is generally done to reduce cholesterol levels in the blood and suppress growth of lipids. In addition, several potential diseases such as a heart attack or stroke can also be prevented through this method.
Operation Steps (Surgery)
In cases where the patient is disturbed by a growing lump of fat, a surgical step can be taken to remove the layer from around the eyelid. The amount of incision needed or done by a medical person will be adjusted to the condition of the growing lipid.
Besides surgery, other ways that can be done to remove these clots include electrodessication and cryotherapy. Both of these techniques aim to kill cells that cause xanthelasma to occur.
Electrodessication is carried out with the help of electric waves, while cryotherapy uses very cold temperatures. Side effects that may occur from both methods are the appearance of scar tissue and hypopigmentation. Neither can be done if xanthelasma has expanded into reaching the muscle.
Not only the methods above, there is also a technique called argon laser ablation using carbon dioxide gas. In this technique, medical professionals or experts will use a laser beam to destroy fat gradually. Patients will be given injections of local anesthesia before the action is taken.
To minimize side effects such as scarring effects, cauterization techniques with chemicals can be done. in this technique, the medical person will apply substances such as chlorinated acetic acid, monocloroacetic acid, dichlororoethetic acid, or trichloroacetic acid to kill the tissue in the xanthelasma clot.
Although surgery is generally recommended for treating xanthelasma, keep in mind that this procedure can not be separated from potential complications, such as changes in eyelid structure and disruption of eyelash growth after surgery, or discoloration of the skin and hypopigmentation after usechemical liquids, such as trichloroacetic acid. Hopefully it is always useful ..., please share it with your family if this article is useful ...