On Friday (24/5) last night, Mount Agung in Bali erupted and spewed lava. As a result, volcanic ash spread over the Indonesian sky, especially the island of the gods, and forced all flights entering and leaving Bali to be canceled.
Eruptions last for four minutes, and 30 seconds. Lava gushed out of the crater, and down the slope for 3 km. (Saturday 25/5/2019, dailymail.co.uk/ auth)
Based on information from the Directorate General of Civil Aviation, there was no immediate evacuation because the villages were in a safe zone. While according to the Indonesian Center for Volcanology and Geological Disaster Mitigation (PVMBG), the roar from the eruption sounded quite strong from the monitoring post.
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You need to know, Gunung Agung, Bali, Indonesia became active again in 2017, he was more than half a century asleep after a major eruption in 1963. This is the third time the volcano has erupted this month, with two other incidents occurring on May 12 and 18 May 2019.
When talking about volcanoes, of course we feel worried. Especially Mount Agung which is one of the largest volcanoes in Indonesia. But according to NASA, if Mount Agung erupts NASA researchers and scientists are happy.
According to them, the eruption of Mount Agung has the potential to save the world from climate change. Why is that ...?. This information had become a hot talk in February 2018 ago. At that time NASA hoped to be able to take advantage of the volcano that erupted on the island, and true hope was that Mount Agung was intended to study further effects.
The researchers hope, by tracking the eruption of Mount Agung they can know more about how chemicals released into the atmosphere can be used to fight climate change. After Mount Agung woke up from sleep and then erupted in late November last year, the mountain consistently poured steam and gas into the atmosphere.
This event is quite typical even though some volcanoes are so strong that they can cause what is known as volcanic winter. The largest volcanic eruption in history, which was recorded as occurring on Mount Tambora in 1815.
The eruption caused the Year Without Summer, which caused snowfall in Albany, New York in June the following year. This eruption also destroyed food crops, starved people, and apparently inspired Mary Shelley to write Frankenstein.
For researchers, Gunung Agung could be their chance to find out how volcanoes affect climate like Mount Tambora. Research into Gunung Agung began with a ten-hour flight when a volcano in the Philippines erupted in 1991.
Scientists have taken the trend during a smaller scale eruption in 1982 from the El Chichon volcano in Mexico, but nothing like what they saw on Mount Pinatubo in the Philippines was called the largest letusa of the 20th century.
Removing one cubic mile of rock and ash into the air and 20 million tons of sulfur dioxide gas into the atmosphere, Mount Pinatubo not only destroys the surrounding community but the amount of gas it releases affects the whole of our planet.
When Pinatubo erupted, a large amount of gas released spread throughout the world. A moment later, a chemical reaction occurs, all three gases mix with water vapor which produces small super cold, droplets known as aerosols.
In turn, the aerosols reflect and spread sunlight to the earth. A large number of aerosols reflect light far enough from the earth that global temperatures averaged one degree Fahrenheit for several years. Eruptions like this, are natural earth influencers. (The New York Times / auth)
Scientists hope they can take advantage of this eruption to study the next big event and potentially save the planet from a series of horrifying, terrible. According to these scientists, the eruption of Mount Agung is identical to Pinatubo.
That why NASA hopes to be able to send balloons into the air equipped with devices to measure the impact of volcanic eruptions in the Earth's atmosphere. NASA hopes to learn about the effects for years to come.
If the volcanic eruption can be as big as the 1963 eruption, it can pump enough sulfur dioxide into the atmosphere to produce a significant cooling effect even though it will initially damage the ozone layer. However, the problem is that the researchers did not know exactly when Mount Agung erupted with a big eruption again...