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It only kills bacteria, not kills viruses. Such drugs should not be given to flu sufferers...

Written By Hanny & Melissa on Friday, May 10, 2019 | Friday, May 10, 2019

As for flu symptoms that are commonly felt include fever, headache, coughing, aches, decreased appetite, and sore throat. The duration of the flu virus attack is brief. You, if you suffer from it, will experience symptoms in only one to three days, after you have first been infected.

The period where the most contagious flu is on the day when the symptoms begin to appear, up to three or seven days later. Many think the flu is similar to a cold due to the similarity of symptoms, but this assumption is not right. The type of virus that causes flu, is different from the common cold.

Furthermore, flu tends to have a shorter incubation period with more severe symptoms, so that it can hinder the patient's routine. While colds generally appear gradually with milder symptoms, so they do not have an impact on the patient's routine.

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For the cause, flu occurs due to influenza viruses that can be transmitted directly, or indirectly. One example of direct transmission is when we accidentally inhale saliva in the air released by flu patients, through sneezing or coughing. as an example of other direct transmission is, when we shake hands with flu sufferers after previously their hands hold the mouth, or nose.

Indirect transmission, generally mediated by objects that have been contaminated with the virus. We can be infected with flu if we hold the surface of an object that has previously been exposed to sprinkles of patients' saliva.

Flu viruses can survive on the surface of objects for one day. Examples of objects that are often the intermediary media for transmitting flu viruses are door handles, telephones, or computer keyboards

Then, for flu symptoms usually will begin to develop within one to three days, after being infected with the viruses. Some of the symptoms that are usually experienced are:

1. Fever, and aches.
2. Dry cough, and headache.
3. Fatigue, chills and sore throat.
4. Sneezing, nasal congestion, or runny nose/ mucus.
5. Decreased appetite, and dissertation is difficult to sleep.

Most flu sufferers recover in less than one week. Even so, a number of people still experience coughing or fatigue, for the next few weeks. You should be vigilant, and see a doctor if:

1. You belong to the category of people who are susceptible to flu complications, such as pregnant women, seniors, people with chronic diseases (Lung or heart disease), and people with a reduced immune system.

2. The flu symptoms that you experience are not reduced at all, getting worse, or just don't go away after seven days.

In general, flu recovers without causing complications. Even so, we are advised to be careful because the immune system when suffering from flu will decrease, making it easier to contract other diseases.

Likewise with people who are more susceptible to complications, such as pregnant women, the elderly, people with a decreased immune system, and people with chronic diseases (Eg lung disease). Meanwhile, for a number of common complications that occur:

1. Lung infection.
- The type of lung infection most often experienced by people with flu is bronchitis. Bronchitis is an infection in the main respiratory tract called the bronchi. in some cases, more severe complications can occur, for example pneumonia.

2. Worsening flu symptoms.
- In people with long-term (Chronic) health problems such as asthma or COPD, flu symptoms can be more severe than normal people.

3. Increased blood sugar in diabetics.
- In addition to increasing blood sugar, flu also has the potential to trigger diabetic ketoacidosis in people with type 1 diabetes mellitus.

4. Premature birth.
- In pregnant women, the risk of infection due to flu will increase. Flu can also increase the risk of premature birth or very low birth weight.

Besides that, there are several other types of complications that can be triggered by flu. Among them are swollen tonsils (Tonsillitis), ear infections, bronchitis, severe dehydration, and meningitis.

For people with flu, dehydration also has the potential to occur due to a sense of unwillingness to drink due to a sore throat and felt fever. In addition to adults who have a weak immune system, children are also prone to dehydration, especially those under the age of two.

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Flu and prevention...

Flu viruses can be transmitted through saliva grains released by patients when sneezing or coughing. In addition, objects that have been contaminated with the flu virus can also be a medium of transmission.

The main step to prevent this disease is to maintain cleanliness. Don't forget to wash your hands before eating. For public vehicle users, it is recommended to wear a mask while traveling.

So on, other flu prevention measures are vaccination. But this method is only recommended for those who are more susceptible to flu complications. Some steps we can take to prevent transmission of flu are:

1. Maintain cleanliness.

2. Always wash hands, for example before eating or after traveling.

3. Close the mouth and nose when sneezing or coughing.

4. Wear a mask when traveling (Especially for users of public transportation) or when around flu patients.

5. Ensure that the body receives adequate vitamin intake and nutrition and is balanced.

6. Get enough rest, exercise regularly and maintain fluid intake.

Speaking of vaccines, influenza vaccines given in Indonesia are type A and type B influenza vaccinesThis influenza vaccine contains an inactive virus, and is given by injection into the muscle (Intramuscularly). This vaccine is recommended to:

1. All people who are 65 years or older.

3. Children and adults with chronic diseases such as asthma, diabetes, kidney disease, and children with weak immune systems.

4. People who are often exposed to influenza viruses, such as health workers, people who live in homes with sufferers, and caregivers of children aged 6-23 months.

5. Influenza immunization is also given to healthy children aged 6-23 months.

For children, vaccination can be done since they are six months old with the frequency of repetition once a year. In children and adults with low endurance, giving is only given twice a month, from the first vaccine.

Although influenza vaccines are recommended for almost everyone, there are certain conditions that are not recommended to receive influenza vaccines, including:

1. People who experience a severe allergic reaction (Anaphylaxis) in the previous vaccine administration.

2. People who after eating eggs experience swelling in the lips or tongue, or experience respiratory distress or fainting.

3. Someone who is experiencing a high fever.

The effects of influenza vaccines include fever, cough, sore throat, muscle aches, and headaches. While the rare side effects are sneezing, shortness of breath, ear pain, and itching.

Flu treatment...

Actually, doctor handling is not needed in most cases of flu, because this disease generally can heal by itself.
A few steps of self-medication that you can do include adequate rest, plenty of drinking, and keeping your body warm.

Increasing fluid consumption, is an important step so that we avoid dehydration which is one of the complications of the flu. When you have a cold and are dehydrated, your body will lose sugar, salt and liquid. You can try drinking liquids containing sugar and electrolytes/ ions to restore fluid balance in the body.

Steps other than self-handling that have been mentioned, you can also take drugs that are sold freely on the market if needed, such as paracetamol or ibuprofen.

These two drugs can reduce fever and reduce aches. You are also not allowed to take antibiotics, because this drug only serves to kill bacteria, not kill the virus as the cause of the flu.

There are several groups of people who are susceptible to complications due to flu, including pregnant women, the elderly, people with low immunity, and people with serious illnesses (Such as heart failure). Therefore, medical professionals or doctors will usually give antiviral drugs to those at risk.

To be honest, two types of antivirals are currently widely used to treat flu, namely oseltamivir and zanamivir. However, the benefits and side effects of these two drugs are still being debated to this day. Several studies have shown that tamiflu has been shown to be less effective in reducing the risk of complications due to flu.

Besides that, it is estimated that around 50% of patients who take the drug show symptoms of side effects that are quite serious, including the effects on innervation, psychological conditions, and digestive system.

If you experience it, immediately consult your doctor or medical person to get the right and correct therapy. Happy activities, always keep yourself clean and your surroundings ...

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