During pregnancy adjusting your diet, it is very important to pay attention. Because a bad diet, can increase the risk of babies born in a state of disability.
Therefore, nutrient intake during pregnancy is needed for the development of various fetal organs, until they are ready to be born. It is not enough just to avoid consuming dangerous foods while pregnant, it is also necessary to consume healthy foods, so that the nutritional needs of the fetus can be fulfilled.
Influence of Food & Fetal Development
All foods consumed every day during pregnancy will affect the development of the fetus in the womb. Not just filling, the nutritional content in food also needs pregnant women to pay attention to support the growth and development of the fet us.
In order to implement a healthy diet during pregnancy, pregnant women need to ensure that the food consumed contains carbohydrates, protein, healthy fats, fiber, vitamins, and minerals. Then also, make sure the body is well hydrated so that the health of pregnant women and the fetus in the womb is maintained.
Babies born with disabilities due to lack of nutrition
There are various risks of birth defects that can be caused by poor diet during pregnancy, including:
1. Diaphragmatic Hernia
Consumption of vitamin B12, vitamin E, retinol, calcium, and selenium which are lacking during pregnancy can make pregnant women at high risk of giving birth to babies with hernias, especially congenital diaphragmatic hernias.
This condition of birth defects, is characterized by a hole in the diaphragm membrane, so that the organs in the baby's abdominal cavity enter the chest cavity.
2. Spina Bifida
Spina bifida is a condition of neural tube defects caused by a lack of folic acid intake during pregnancy. This condition is characterized by a gap in the fetal spine.
To prevent babies from suffering from spina bifida, make sure that the daily intake of folic acid daily pregnant women is fulfilled properly. The way is to increase the consumption of foods containing folate or you can also take folate supplements according to the doctor's advice.
Similar to spina bifida, anencephaly is a condition of neural tube defects caused by a lack of folic acid intake during pregnancy. Anencephaly causes the fetus's brain, scalp, and skull not to form properly.
4. Cleft Lip
Intake of folic acid and vitamin A in the first trimester of pregnancy can increase the risk of babies born with disabilities with cleft lip conditions and cleft palate when lacking this intake.
Therefore, pregnant women are highly recommended to increase the consumption of foods containing both nutrients, so that the risk of babies born with cleft lip conditions can be minimized.
5. Heart Disease
Lack of intake of vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) and B3 (Niacin) for pregnant women, at high risk of giving birth to babies with congenital heart disease. Even the risk will increase, if pregnant women like to eat foods high in saturated fat.
Birth defects in the baby's abdominal wall, where the baby's intestines come out through a hole in the navel side, scientifically called Gastroschisis. If you have a body mass index that is too low, then coupled with a lack of protein or zinc intake, of course pregnant women are at risk of giving birth to babies with gastroschisis conditions.
From the explanation above, it means consuming healthy foods during pregnancy is an important part of fulfilling daily nutritional needs. So, it should be noted yes.. mother during pregnancy...