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Gold blood only has 43 people in the world

Written By Hanny & Melissa on Friday, May 10, 2019 | Friday, May 10, 2019

https://www.economicfinancialpoliticalandhealth.com/2019/05/gold-blood-only-has-43-people-in-world.html
Rhesus (Rh) Null or gold blood, is a rare type of blood in the world. In the last 50 years, only a handful of those 43 people have been identified as having this type of blood.

Golden blood, highly sought after for scientific research to blood transfusions. But it is very dangerous for the owners themselves because of their scarcity.

Human blood may look the same to everyone, but it's actually very different. And to understand golden blood, it's important to know how the blood type works.

Each red blood cell has up to 342 antigens - molecules that trigger the production of certain special proteins called antibodies - and the absence of certain antigens that determine a person's blood type. Around 160 antigens are considered common.

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This means that it is found in red blood cells of the majority of humans on earth. If someone with a deficiency of antigen in their blood is found in 99 percent of all humans, their blood is considered rare.

Then, if those who lack antigen in their blood are found in 99.99 percent of humans, their blood is considered very elevated. Oddity Central released, 342 antigens are known to belong to 35 blood type systems, where Rhesus is the largest, with 61 antigens. Many humans lose one of these antigens.

For example, around 15 percent of Caucasians lose the D antigen which is the most significant Rh, making them RhD negative. Conversely the Rh negative blood group is very rare in Asian societies, only around 0.3 percent of the population. But what if humans lose all their antigens ...?
https://www.economicfinancialpoliticalandhealth.com/2019/05/gold-blood-only-has-43-people-in-world.html
Until 50 years ago, doctors believed that an embryo that did not have 61 Rh could not survive in the womb, let alone develop into a normal and healthy adult human.

But, in 1961, an aboriginal woman in Australia was identified as having Rh-null blood, which meant she did not have all the antigens in the Rh blood system. And since then, only 43 people in the world have been identified with Rh-null blood.

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Rh-null is called golden blood for several reasons, namely because of the lack of Rh antigens, so this blood type can be accepted by anyone with a rare blood group in the Rh blood system.

The potential to save lives with this blood type is very large, and although blood samples donated on blood banks are anonymized, scientists can track Rh-null donors, so they can directly ask them to donate more blood.

But because of its rarity, gold blood is only given for the most extreme or emergency cases. On the other hand, gold blood also has enormous scientific value because it can help researchers uncover the mystery of the physiological role of a very complex Rh system.

Rh-null blood can be given to anyone with an Rh negative blood group. That's why scientists often analogize it like gold. Unfortunately, because of their scarcity, someone born with this blood type will find it difficult to need a blood transfusion because they can only receive Rh-null blood.

If they receive blood from someone who is positive for one of the 61 Rh antigens that they do not have, their antibodies will react with incompatible donor blood cells. In the end it can trigger an immune system response that is potentially deadly.

After knowing this, having gold blood could be a blessing and a curse. Because on the one hand, you have the ability to save many lives, but you also live with an uneasy mind that one day you need a rare blood transfusion like this golden blood.

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