A condition where blood in the body contains too much alkaline or alkaline, called alkalosis.
This condition can occur because the level of acid or carbon dioxide in the body decreases, and there is a decrease in the levels of chloride and potassium electrolytes in the body.
Blood in the body contains levels of acids and bases whose size is determined by blood tests on a Ph scale. The balance of these two substances is well regulated by the kidneys and lungs with a pH value of about 7.4 (Natural).
Ph levels smaller than normal indicate more acid content in the body, whereas Ph larger than normal show more alkaline content in the body.
Alkalosis & Handling
Handling of alkalosis cases depends on how quickly the disease is diagnosed and treated. The faster it is treated, the better handling results will be. In general, most sufferers can recover after treatment.
Alkalosis & Symptoms
The symptoms shown by alkalosis vary. In the early stages, symptoms are indicated by nausea, the body feels stiff, muscles are tense and experience twitching, tremor in the hand, irritability, anxiety disorders that cause rapid breathing and tingling in the face, hands or feet.
But in some cases, alkalosis causes no symptoms at all. On the other hand, severe symptoms can occur if alkalosis is not immediately treated, namely shortness of breath and decreased consciousness.
Alkalosis & Causes
The acid-base balance in the body is closely guarded by the mechanism of the lungs, kidneys, and the chemical support system in the body.
When a balance disorder occurs where the Ph value is different from normal, the condition of many organs can be disrupted. Based on the cause, there are several types of alkalosis, namely:
1. Metabolic alkalosis.
This type occurs if the body's acid content is too low, so the body contains more alkaline. this condition can be caused due to excessive vomiting and prolonged loss of electrolytes (Especially chloride and potassium), excessive consumption of certain drugs (Diuretics, antacids, or laxatives), adrenal gland disease, bicarbonate consumption, and alcoholism.
2. Respiratorial alkalosis
This condition occurs because there is not enough carbon dioxide in the bloodstream due to breathing too fast (For example in conditions of anxiety), lack of oxygen, salicylate poisoning, medical conditions (High fever, lung disease, liver disease), or being in a high place. Hyperventilation due to anxiety is the most common cause in respiratory alkalosis.
Alkalosis & Prevention
Preventive measures that can be taken is to reduce the risk of developing alkalosis. Reduction of these risks can be achieved in ways such as:
1. Adopt a healthy diet, especially foods that are high in potassium to prevent electrolyte deficiencies. Many sources of nutritional potassium are found in fruits and vegetables, such as carrots, spinach, bananas, and nuts.
2. Maintain adequate fluid intake to prevent dehydration which is characterized by thirst. Dehydration can make the body lose a lot of electrolytes in a short time.
And some efforts that can be done to prevent dehydration are to drink 8 to 10 glasses every day, and make it a habit to drink before, after, or during exercise. Although you need to drink enough, you need to pay attention to limiting caffeine in soda, tea, or coffee, which can worsen dehydration.
Alkalosis & Treatment
Treatment can be carried out after the medical person knows the cause of the alkalosis for the patient. In respiratory alkalosis, the main treatment that needs to be done is to make sure the patient has adequate oxygen levels and returns carbon dioxide levels back to normal.
When the patient breathes quickly due to pain, then the pain needs to be addressed first, so that breathing becomes normal and the patient's condition can be better. If the problem of catching is caused by anxiety, then the medical side can advise the patient to breathe more slowly and deeply, to help alleviate the symptoms of the patient.
In addition, calming the concerned person and helping him breathe in a paper bag can also increase the levels of carbon dioxide in the blood, so that symptoms can subside. But when the test results show oxygen levels in the body are low, the patient needs to get additional oxygen intake to do a mask.
For alkalosis due to a deficiency of some chemicals, such as chloride and potassium, the medical side can provide drugs and supplements to replace less chemicals.
If this metabolic alkalosis is very severe, it can be given by fluid and electrolyte infusion during hospital treatment.
In addition, the patient's vital signs will also always be observed, namely body temperature, pulse, respiratory rate, and blood pressure. Post treatment, most alkalosis sufferers can recover. Hopefully useful and healthy always ...