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Written By Hanny & Melissa on Wednesday, May 08, 2019 | Wednesday, May 08, 2019

Maybe a lot of people ask, what is a "file" on a personal computer or laptop. Maybe even some of us surfers in cyberspace, do not know what the meaning of "file" is.

For that, here or in this article the author will briefly explain the meaning of the "file" that we may not yet know the true meaning, so let us refer and understand the meaning of the word "file" that has been presented.

Before the author apologized for those who already understand or understand the meaning, do not be used as a laugh or ridicule, writing articles about the meaning of "file" is only intended for our friends who do not know the meaning of the word "file".


File is a collection of various related information, this file itself is stored in secondary storage.

Conceptually, files have several types, including data types consisting of character, numeric, and binary. In addition, there are also file types.

Generally, files on a computer are stored in a particular folder, depending on where we as the file owner want to save them. Each file has a different extension according to the type of file.

Understanding file extension is a sign that distinguishes between one type of file and another type of file. For example, image files will have extensions of jpg, gif, png, and others. Whereas for video files will have the extension mpeg, avi, mp4, wmv, and others.

Various types of files on the computer have many formats. The following types of files in a computer based on the file format:


File System

Some extensions in system files include, sys, com, bak, bat, tmp, and exe. This file system functions to run programs on the computer according to their designation, and also runs various applications installed on the computer.

Video File

Some extensions on video files, are mpg, wmv, mp4, 3gp, avi, flv, KV. Each of these extensions shows that each video has a different type of player. Not all types of videos can be played with software that is usually installed on the computer. There are several types of videos that can only be played with certain software.

Document File

Some extensions to the document file include doc, odt, doc, xls, ods, pdf, ppt, txt. Each of these extensions shows the type of document file, and can only be opened if the appropriate software or application is installed on the computer.

Image File

Some image file extensions include jpg, jpeg, png, gif, tif, and others. In general, images produced by digital cameras or manual cameras will have the extension jpg or jpeg. Images with tif, png, and other extensions are usually the result of storage of certain software, for example Photoshop, CorelDraw, AutoCad, and others.

Sound File

Some sound file extensions include wav, mp3, midi, and rm. As with other computer files, not all sound files can be opened with one application.

Not only those mentioned above, there are still many types of files on the computer according to their designation.

In general, each type of computer file, grouped in a special folder according to its type, including political documents that you have can be entered in a computer file.

Actually, by grouping files in special folders, you can easily find the file when needed.

But remember not all confidential documents can be stored on the computer, because it is very dangerous when you surf in cyberspace, it could be that criminals can infiltrate and retrieve documents stored by you. May be useful...

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