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Cognitive Behavior Therapy Can Overcome Excessive Fear

Written By Hanny & Melissa on Wednesday, May 01, 2019 | Wednesday, May 01, 2019

Excessive fear of something, this is called a phobia. This fear can arise when facing a situation, being somewhere, or when seeing certain animals.

In conditions of severe phobias, sufferers will try to avoid objects that can trigger fear. Phobia are actually included in anxiety disorders. This condition can make sufferers depressed, panic, and limit activities.

Phobia can be specific or complex. examples of specific phobias, including fear of water depth, height, animals, doctors, syringes, blood, or fear of contracting sexual diseases.

While examples of complex phobias include fear of social situations, fear of speaking in public, or fear of being in an open space. Most cases of specific phobias are experienced by sufferers from childhood or adolescence. Furthermore, complex phobias generally begin to develop when the sufferer enters adult life.

Early Phobia Symptoms...

Signs of a phobia in a person, can be easily recognized by the excessive fear reaction shown when looking at objects or facing certain situations.

In addition to excessive fear, phobias can also be accompanied by panic attacks that are characterized by, namely:

1. Disorientation/ confusion.
2. Dizziness, and headaches.
3. Nausea.
4. Chest feels tight, and pain.
5. Shortness of breath.
6. Increased heart rate.
7. The body trembles, and sweats.
8. Ringing ears.
9. Sensation of wanting to urinate always.
10. The mouth feels dry.
11. Crying constantly, and fear being left alone, especially in children.

Because there is a phobia...

Until now, the cause of the phobia is unknown. However, there are a number of factors that can indicate such conditions, including:

1. Traumatic events or bad experiences.

- Phobia are often associated with traumatic events experienced before or bad experiences in childhood.

- For example, someone who has been confined when he was a child tends to be afraid of closed spaces when he grows up.

2. Changes in brain function.

- Some specific phobias can be caused by changes that occur in brain function.

3. Genetics and environment.

- Phobia can occur due to influence from the environment or family. For example, someone tends to experience a phobia if raised by parents who often experience anxiety.

Treatment of phobia...

Phobia can usually be easily diagnosed by a doctor from the symptoms that lead to the condition, with strengthened by a history of the disease, history of drug use, and history of the patient's social life.

Treatment of phobias can be done through psychological therapy, one of which is effective cognitive behavioral therapy.

This therapy helps patients change their perspectives and ways of behaving towards a problem. In the case of a phobia, the therapist will help the patient overcome fear through exposure or descentization techniques.

With the technique of exposure to the feared object or atmosphere, fear is expected to be reduced gradually so that in the end the patient can control the phobia experienced. For example, is for patients who experience phobias of snakes.

Initially, the patient will be asked to read the writing about the snake, then show the picture of the animal. The next stage is to visit the snake cage, which is continued by holding the reptile directly. besides this technique, the therapist will also teach people to control themselves.

For example, through relaxation techniques to help regulate calmness and breathing, or visualization techniques to imagine the success of overcoming a situation.

More effective results will be seen when several therapeutic techniques are combined with the support of adopting a healthy lifestyle. For example, getting enough rest, eating healthy foods regularly, and diligently exercising.

Besides through therapy, symptoms of phobias can also be relieved by drugs. However, drugs are usually only given for a short period of time.

For example, drugs that might be prescribed by doctors in phobia cases are as follows :

1. An inhibitor of serotonin release.

- This drug works by influencing one of the transmitter hormones in the brain, namely serotonin, which plays a role in creating and regulating moods.

2. Beta blockers.

- Drugs commonly used to treat hypertension and heart problems are given to inhibit reactions that arise from adrenaline stimulation due to anxiety, such as trembling sounds and bodies, palpitations, or increased blood pressure.

3. Benzodiazepines.

- This drug is given to treat anxiety at a severe level. Usually benzodiazepine administration will be reduced gradually as conditions improve to avoid dependence. Hopefully it is always useful, don't forget if there is something you want to question please comment below...


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