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Avoid consuming alcoholic beverages during pregnancy, because Autism cannot be cured

Written By Hanny & Melissa on Thursday, May 09, 2019 | Thursday, May 09, 2019

Brain development disorders that affect the patient's ability to communicate and interact with others are called Autism.

Autism also causes behavioral disorders, and limits the sufferer's interest. Autism is now referred to as an autism spectrum disorder or Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD).

That is because the symptoms and severity vary in each patient. Disorders included in ASD are Asperger's Syndrome, pervasive developmental disorder (PPD-NOS), autistic disorders, and childhood disintegrative disorder.

It is very important to be aware of the symptoms of autism as early as possible, because even though autism cannot be cured. There are various methods for dealing with autism that aim so that patients can adjust to daily life.

Symptoms and severity of autism can be different in each sufferer. In patients with autism with mild symptoms, daily activities can still be carried out normally. But if the symptoms are severe, sufferers will need help in living their daily lives. The symptoms that arise are related to the way the patient communicates and interacts.

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It is estimated that around 80-90% of patients, start showing symptoms at the age of 2 years. In rare cases, symptoms of autism appear at the age of under 1 year or only appear after the patient has grown up. Here are some symptoms that usually appear in people with autism, namely:

1. Symptoms Related to Interaction and Social Communication...

About 25-30% of children with autism lose their ability to speak, even though they are able to speak as children.

While 40% of children with autism do not speak at all. Other symptoms related to communication and social interaction are:

1. Not responding when his name is called, even though his hearing ability is normal.

2. Never express emotions, and are not sensitive to the feelings of others.

3. Can't start or continue the conversation, even just asking for something.

4. Frequently repeat the word (Echolalia), but do not understand its use appropriately.

5. Often avoid eye contact and show less expression.

6. Unusual tone, for example flat like a robot.

7. More like being alone, like in his own world.

8. Tend not to understand simple questions or instructions.

9. Reluctant to share, talk or play with other people.

10. Avoid and reject physical contact with other people.

2. Symptoms and Patterns of Behavior...

Sensitive to light, touch, or sound, but not responding to pain is a symptom of the autism behavior pattern, then other symptoms of this behavior pattern are:

1. Routinely undergo certain activities, and get angry if there are changes.

2. Having abnormalities in body posture or movement patterns, such as always walking on tiptoes.

3. Do repetitive movements, such as waving your hands or swinging your body back and forth.

4. Only choose certain foods, for example foods with certain textures.In addition to the various symptoms mentioned above, autism sufferers also often experience symptoms related to other conditions, such as ADHD, epilepsy, Tourette syndrome, obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), dyspraxia, anxiety disorders, bipolar disorder, and depression.

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The earlier the autism is handled, the more effective the treatment is given. Therefore, it is very important to be aware of the symptoms that arise. Immediately check your child to see a doctor if the symptoms below appear:

1. Loss of ability to speak or interact.

2. Does not give a happy or smile response until the age of 6 months.

3. Not imitating sounds or facial expressions until the age of 9 months.

4. No babbling for up to 12 months.

5. Does not give gestures like waving until the age of 14 months.

6. Don't say a word until the age of 16 months.

Not yet known what causes autism. However, there are several factors that are thought to be able to trigger a person to experience this disorder, including:

1. Gender.
- Boys are 4 times more at risk of developing autism than girls.

2. Genetic factors.
- About 2-18% of parents of children with autism are at risk of having a second child with the same disorder.

3. Premature birth.
- Babies born at 26 weeks or less.

4. Twins born.
- In the case of twins not identical, there is a 0-31% chance of autism in one child affecting his twin also experiencing autism. The effect of autism is greater in children born of identical twins, which is around 36-95%.

5. Age.
- The older you have children, the higher the risk of having an autistic child. In men, having children in their 40s, the risk of having an autistic child is 28% higher.

Risk increases to 66% at the age of 50s. whereas in women, giving birth above the age of 40 years, increases the risk of having autistic children up to 77% when compared to giving birth under the age of 25 years.

6. Effects of other disorders.
- Some of these disorders include muscular dystrophy, fragile X syndrome, cerebral palsy or cerebral palsy, neurofibromatosis, Down syndrome, and Rett syndrome.

7. Exposure during the womb.
- Consumption of alcoholic drinks or drugs (Especially epilepsy drugs) during pregnancy can increase the risk of children born with autism.

For information, there is no connection between administering vaccines (Especially the MMR vaccine) with children becoming autistic. Precisely by administering vaccines, children will avoid infections, such as measles or mumps. Autism is also proven not to be associated with consumption of foods that contain gluten, or consumption of milk and derivative products.

Autism and How to Prevent it...

Although it is not yet known what causes autism, medical or doctor will give some suggestions to reduce the risk of your child being born with autism, namely:

1. Live a healthy lifestyle, for example by undergoing regular health checks, consuming foods with balanced nutrition, and exercising regularly.

2. Avoid consuming alcoholic beverages during pregnancy.

3. As much as possible avoid drug consumption during pregnancy. If it's unavoidable, consult your doctor first.

4. Make sure you have got the vaccine before becoming pregnant, especially the rubella vaccine.

5. Immediately seek treatment and follow doctor's advice if you are sick, especially if you are diagnosed with celiac disease or phenylketonuria.

Autism and medicine...

Autism is an incurable disorder. However, there are various therapeutic options that can be made to develop the patient's abilities. Through therapy, patients are expected to be independent in carrying out daily activities. some therapeutic methods for people with autism are:

1. Communication and behavioral therapy...

This therapy provides a number of teachings to sufferers, covering basic daily abilities, both verbal and nonverbal, including:

1. Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA).
- Therapy for Applied Behavior Analysis helps patients behave positively in all situations. This therapy also helps sufferers develop their ability to communicate and leave negative behaviors.

2. Developmental, Individual differences, Relationship-based approach (DIR).
- DIR or commonly called Floortime, focuses on developing emotional relationships between autistic children and families.

3. Occupational therapy.
- Occupational therapy encourages sufferers to live independently, by teaching some basic abilities, such as dressing, eating, bathing, and interacting with other people.

4. Speech therapy.
- Speech therapy helps autistic people learn to develop communication skills.

5. Treatment and education of autistic and related communication-handicapped children (TEACCH).
- This therapy uses visual instructions such as images that show the stages of doing something. TEACCH will help sufferers understand how to do daily activities, for example to change clothes.

6. The picture exchange communication system (PECS).
- This therapy also uses visual instructions such as TEACCH. But the PECS uses symbols, to help sufferers communicate and learn to ask questions.

2. The Importance of Family Therapy...

Family therapy focuses on helping parents and families with autism. Through this therapy, the family will learn how to interact with sufferers, and teach people to speak and behave normally. While, although it cannot cure autism, drugs can be given to control the symptoms. For example these drugs are:

1. Antipsychotics
- To overcome behavior problems.

2. Anticonvulsants
- To overcome seizures.

3. Antidepressants
- To relieve depression.

4. Melatonin

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