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8 tips to communicate with those who have impaired speech function due to brain disorders

Written By Hanny & Melissa on Friday, May 10, 2019 | Friday, May 10, 2019

Having problems with speech impairment caused by abnormalities in the brain, the scientific word is aphasia.

Generally sufferers of this condition are often mistaken in choosing, stringing, and interpreting words into a correct sentence. In addition, aphasia can also affect writing skills.

Generally, injury and damage in the part of language processing in the brain is the main cause of aphasia. This disease generally attacks adults with stroke.

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The results of the study say, as many as 25-40 percent of stroke patients who recover continue to suffer from aphasia. In certain cases, aphasia is a symptom of epilepsy or a neurological disorder. Injury or damage to the brain that results in aphasia can be triggered by a number of conditions, including:

1. Brain tumor.

2. Infections that affect brain function, such as encephalitis or meningitis.

3. Severe head injury, for example due to a fall from a height or a traffic accident.

4. Diseases that cause brain cells to decline, for example dementia and Parkinson's disease.

According to the symptoms experienced by sufferers, aphasia can be divided into several types, the distribution of aphasia types include:

1. Receptive aphasia.

- In this type, sufferers will have difficulty understanding the intentions of the other person even if they can hear it clearly. As a result, the communication response from the sufferer will be chaotic, and difficult to understand.

2. Expressive aphasia.

- For this type, the sufferer knows what he wants to say to the other person, but he has difficulty expressing it.

3. Primary progressive aphasia.

- Circumstances like this cause a decrease in the ability to read, write, speak, and understand the conversation over time. Primary progressive aphasia is quite difficult to treat. However, this condition is rare.

4. Anomic aphasia.

- Word discovery becomes increasingly difficult for sufferers of anomic aphasia. This condition is generally termed anomia. Sufferers of anomic aphasia have difficulty in choosing and finding the right words when writing and speaking.

5. Global aphasia.

- This condition is classified as the most severe aphasia, and usually occurs when someone has just had a stroke. Global aphasia sufferers are unable to read, write, and have difficulty understanding other people's conversations. In the most frequent cases, aphasia can eventually cause anxiety, depression, and feelings of isolation in the sufferer.

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Mean while, to examine the severity of aphasia, it will usually be done by a medical (Doctor) or speech therapist, and language. The series of examinations aims to obtain results from the sufferer's effort in writing, reading, understanding hearing, functional communication, and verbal expression, namely:

1. Communicate and give an assessment

- This test can be done simply, for example by mentioning objects that are in the room and asking for family names or relatives starting from a certain letter.

2. Observed brain image

- Observation aims at seeing how severe the damage that occurs in the brain. Commonly used tools are Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), CT scan, and in some cases using positron emission tomography.

Furthermore, related to the management of aphasia depends on factors such as the type of aphasia, age, cause, and the size and position of abnormalities in the brain. Aphasia sufferers who have a stroke are encouraged to take part in speech therapy sessions from related experts.

This therapy session that will take place routinely aims to improve the communication and speaking skills of people with aphasia. In the therapy session, sufferers will also be taught how to communicate which does not have to involve conversation.

And if you have relatives, or friends who suffer from aphasia, here are some tips that you can do in communicating with them, these tips include:

1. Get attention to sufferers of aphasia before you start communicating.

2. Talking not too loud, simple, and slowly.

3. Use props in delivering messages.

4. Write, or picture the messages you want to convey on a piece of paper. Maintain eye contact, and pay attention to body language and gestational use of aphasic sufferers.

5. Use simple questions with "yes" or "no" answers, rather than giving long questions.

6. Give enough talk time for sufferers of aphasia.

7. Give enthusiasm, and avoid over protection against sufferers of aphasia.

8. Give praise when people with aphasia have tried to talk. Then do the above in daily activities, anytime and anywhere.

It is very likely that in addition to therapy, the medical (Doctor) will also prescribe medication as a combination in the treatment of aphasia. For example drugs that are commonly prescribed by them are :

1. Bifemelane.
2. Bromocripitine.
3. Idebenone.

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