An inflammatory condition in the vulva that can attack women in any age range, scientifically called Vulvitis
Vulva is a fold of skin located at the outermost part of a woman's sex organs, but it is often mistaken for laymen as a vagina. Though the vagina is a burrow or duct that lies deeper after passing through the vulva. Vulva consists of 2 major labia (Lips), 2 labia minora, and clitoris.
The vulva skin is prone to irritation because the temperature in the vulva area is moist and warm. Girls who have not experienced puberty and postmenopausal women have a high risk of experiencing this condition. At that age, women tend to have low estrogen levels so that the vulvar tissue becomes drier and thinner.
Vulvitis causes symptoms that vary, depending on the cause of inflammation in the vulva. It is strongly recommended not to scratch the genitals if itching arises, because the risk of causing irritation develops into an infection. The symptoms of vulvitis include:
1. Very itchy feeling in the genitals, especially at night.
3. Burning sensation and cracked skin around the vulva.
4. Scaly skin and white area that thickens in the vulva.
5. Swelling and redness in the labia and vulva.
6. A lump filled with fluid (Blister) in the vulva.
You must remember that these symptoms can be caused by other diseases, other than vulvitis. For that, consult the medical side if you experience a number of symptoms above.
Inflammation of the vulva can be caused by a number of conditions, including:
Not only the vagina, the vulva can also be infected with bacteria, viruses, or fungi. Examples of causes of infection in the vulva are genital herpes, fungal candida, HPV infection, pubic lice, and scabies.
Some household products can cause irritation, such as toilet paper, bath soap, shampoo, and conditioners that contain perfume, deodorant, powder, sex organs spray, spermicide, and non-cotton underwear. Irritation can also occur after swimming or soaking in public facilities, cycling, and riding horses.
3. Skin disease.
Some skin diseases that can affect vulvar health, including psoriasis, lichen planus, and lichen sclerosus.
4. Low estrogen.
Vulvitis can occur due to low estrogen levels, such as at menopause. Vulvitis that occurs is associated with vaginal inflammation due to vaginal dryness.
A person suffering from vulvodynia will experience discomfort or pain, such as being stung or burning, which is chronic in the vaginal area and vulva, without any obvious cause.
6. Cancer of the vulva.
Vulvar cancer is rare, and generally affects women aged over 60 years. The sign begins with a lump or wound on the vulva.
Treatment and Prevention
Treatment of vulvitis depends on the conditions that cause it. If vulvitis is caused by an infection, then the use of antibiotics or antifungal drugs is the right treatment step.
Medical authorities can prescribe corticosteroid ointments to be used several times a day. This ointment can help reduce itching and irritation in the vulva. In addition to corticosteroids, emollient creams and antihistamine tablets can also be used to reduce itching.
Then, experts too (Doctors) can recommend the use of creams, pessaries, or vaginal tablets that contain the hormone estrogen, if vulvitis is caused by low levels of the hormone estrogen.
For people with vulvodynia, local anesthetic creams and surgery can also be a form of treatment recommended by a doctor.
Not only through the method of treatment of vulvitis above, the following steps can also be applied to help speed healing, while preventing the occurrence of vulvitis. Among them are :
1. Immediately stop habits that can cause irritation, such as wearing clothes that are too tight. Instead, use clothes that are rather loose or made from cotton to give air to the intimate organs.
2. Immediately replace wet clothes and underwear, either after exercising or swimming.
3. For the selection of contraceptives, avoid using condoms that are lubricated with spermicide.
4. Avoid washing intimate organs with soap or a solution containing additional perfume.
5. Cleanse intimate organs once a day with warm water.