Cholesterol is a fat contained in the bloodstream or body cells that are actually needed for the formation of cell walls and as raw materials of some hormones.
But if cholesterol levels in the blood is excessive, it can lead to illness, including coronary heart disease and stroke. Normal cholesterol should be below 200 mg / dl. If above 240 mg / dl, then you are at high risk of diseases such as heart attack or stroke.
Cholesterol can naturally be formed by the body, the rest can be from animal foods, such as meat, poultry, fish, margarine, cheese, and milk. As for foods derived from vegetable, such as fruits, vegetables, and some grains, does not contain cholesterol.
Cholesterol does not dissolve in the blood so it needs to bind with the carrier, the lipoprotein. Therefore, cholesterol is differentiated into Low-Density Lipoprotein (LDL) and High-Density Lipoprotein (HDL). And you will get the explanation below:
1. Bad cholesterol (Low Density Lipoprotein).
LDL cholesterol is an evil fat because it can accumulate in the inner walls of the blood vessels, especially small blood vessels that supply food to the heart and brain. The fat deposits grew thicker and louder, called arteriosclerosis, and eventually clogged the bloodstream.
Optimum LDL cholesterol is when the levels in the blood are below 100 mg / dl. LDL cholesterol of 100-129 mg / dl is included in the borderline category. If it is above 130 and is accompanied by other risk factors such as smoking, obesity, diabetes, not exercising, especially if it reaches 160 or more, then immediately need to be given medication.
2. Good Cholesterol (High Density Lipoprotein).
HDL cholesterol is called good fat because it can clean and transport the fat deposits from the blood vessel wall to the liver. The ideal HDL cholesterol should be higher than 40 mg / dl for men, or above 50 mg / dl for women.
The cause of low HDL cholesterol is lack of exercise, too fat, and smoking habits. In addition, the hormone testosterone in men, anabolic steroids, and progesterone can lower HDL cholesterol, while the female hormone estrogen increases HDL.
3. Coliform Lp (a).
Lp cholesterol (a) is a variation of LDL cholesterol. High levels of Lp (a) are harmful to the heart. The cause of the increase in Lp (a) is unclear, probably related to genetic factors.
triglycerides are other forms of fat that can come from food or are formed by the body itself. Having high triglycerides is often followed by high cholesterol and high LDL, as well as low HDL cholesterol.
People who suffer from heart disease, diabetes, or obesity, usually have high triglyceride levels. Triglycerides in normal blood should be below 150 mg / dl.
Some people have high triglycerides because of other diseases or heredity. if there is a hereditary factor, then you should change your lifestyle, start a low-fat diet, exercise regularly, lose weight, not smoking, and do not drink alcohol.
You are also advised to reduce the consumption of carbohydrates (eg rice, noodles or bread) to less than 50 percent of total calories. Here are 6 cholesterol symptoms you should know:
Do you often feel the tingling in the hands, feet, or certain body parts ..?. therefore it is one sign of blood flow in your body is not smooth. And do you know ..?, Most of the causes of non-current blood flow is caused by cholesterol. This is one of the small symptoms that are often underestimated.
2. Dizzy on the back of the head.
When you often experience dizziness, and the back of the head feels heavy This is the most you should be aware of. Cholesterol can cause blockage of blood vessels around the brain and head. If this continues to be left, it can result in very fatal breakup of blood vessels that can cause stroke ..
3. Stiff on the back of the neck or shoulder.
Shoulder and shoulder felt sore could be due to lack of oxygen and blood supply to the area due to clogged by cholesterol. This is the most common symptom experienced by people with high cholesterol disease.
4. Pain in the legs.
If your feet feel pain, it could be a sign of high cholesterol. Cholesterol can make clogged arteries, and blood flow to the legs is also inhibited.
Often yawning or feeling unnaturally sleepy (when it is well rested), occurs due to a lack of oxygen supply to the brain. This happens because of the deposition of cholesterol that clogs the blood vessels of your body, so that the supply of oxygen to the brain is not smooth / maximal.
6. Nail colors are changed.
Do you also experience it ..? Unusual nail color can be suspected due to high cholesterol. The color of the changed nail is due to impaired blood circulation, and causes the nail to not get enough blood supply. That's the characteristics - symptoms of cholesterol symptoms that you must be aware, may be useful ...